The word meaning of “Forensic” is “Pertaining to Courts of Law”. When the word Science is suffixed to it, it becomes. “Science Applied for Enforcement of Law.” The main function of Forensic Science in the Police work is to examine, interpret and give reports on the clues left over or taken over by the Criminals from the Scene of Crime. It is Scientific Aid to the Criminal Investigation of Police.
Forensic Science Laboratories work under the CID PHQ Bhopal. The Director FSL Sagar is the Head of laboratories. The sanctioned strength of the Technical & Admin. Staff of the laboratory services is as under:
IMPORTANCE OF FORENSIC SCIENCE
Forensic Science is application of principles of various faculties of Science and Technology to bring facts before the Judicial System. The word meaning of "Forensic" is "Pertaining to Courts of Law.
1. Laboratories Services - To give reports based on the established principles of Science on the physical clues referred for examination. For this purpose State Forensic Science Laboratory Sagar and Regional Forensic Science Laboratories Indore and Gwalior are available these laboratories work under the control of Director, Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar.
2. Scene of Crime Mobile Units - Scene of Crime Units are established for spot examination of Scenes of Crime at district level. These unit extend assistance to investigating officers in identification, collection and preservation of physical clues and reconstruct the occurrence on the basis of clues. These units work under District Superintendent of Police.
Crimes where scientific investigation can be useful
Why it is important to secure Scene of Crime-
Type of physical clues which are found on Scene of Crime and are important for identification of criminal.
Important points for Investigation officers to be remembered at spot-
Do not use / operate or allow any one to do so until the collection of physical clues -
Possible places of finding physical clues -
Indoor Scene of Crime:- Approaches, places of entries & exits, Boundary walls, garage, means of transport, doors, windows, wall & ceiling, doormat, floors, almirah, cupboard, boxes, furniture, wardrobe, safe (vault), show case, drawing room, places where expensive goods are stored, inner/ outer side of walls, paint & varnish on the furniture, electric gadgets, telephones, mobile phones, fax machine, computer, switchboard, fuse box, photo frames, bathroom, water tank, sewer tank, flush tank, drains, writing pads, registers, papers stationary bedding, sofa, stool, ladders, rope, wire, sari, dupatta, clothing of deceased/victim, bullet/pellet dents on walls furniture etc. as well as holes/abrasions caused on the person by firearm shot. Tattooing, blackening, singeing marks. Broken locks, deformed chains, upturned furniture, scattered material, clothes and other domestic belongings.
Outdoor Scene of Crime:- Area around at the scene of crime, entries and exit to the scene, mode of transport used. Nearby buildings, trees, drains, nullah, river, lake, bushes, forest, ruins of old buildings, barren areas, dumping ground for waste, godowns, warehouse, water tanks, culverts, drain pipes.