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Organizational Structure:

State Forensic Science Laboratories M.P.

The word meaning of “Forensic” is “Pertaining to Courts of Law”. When the word Science is suffixed to it, it becomes. “Science Applied for Enforcement of Law.” The main function of Forensic Science in the Police work is to examine, interpret and give reports on the clues left over or taken over by the Criminals from the Scene of Crime. It is Scientific Aid to the Criminal Investigation of Police. Forensic Science Laboratories work under the CID PHQ Bhopal. The Director FSL Sagar is the Head of laboratories. The sanctioned strength of the Technical & Admin. Staff of the laboratory services is as under:

IMPORTANCE OF FORENSIC SCIENCE
Forensic Science is application of principles of various faculties of Science and Technology to bring facts before the Judicial System. The word meaning of "Forensic" is "Pertaining to Courts of Law.

  1. The main function of Forensic Science in the Police work is to examine, interpret and give reports on the clues left over or taken over by the Criminals from the Scene of Crime. It is Scientific Aid to the Criminal Investigation of Police.
  2. In Madhya Pradesh under the Home Police Department. Forensic Science Laboratories Services are available.
  3. The Forensic Science Laboratories Services works under the administrative control of Criminal Investigation Department of Police Head Quarter and provides two types of services.

1. Laboratories Services - To give reports based on the established principles of Science on the physical clues referred for examination. For this purpose State Forensic Science Laboratory Sagar and Regional Forensic Science Laboratories Indore and Gwalior are available these laboratories work under the control of Director, Forensic Science Laboratory, Sagar.
2. Scene of Crime Mobile Units - Scene of Crime Units are established for spot examination of Scenes of Crime at district level. These unit extend assistance to investigating officers in identification, collection and preservation of physical clues and reconstruct the occurrence on the basis of clues. These units work under District Superintendent of Police.

Crimes where scientific investigation can be useful

  • Murder/Attempt to murder.
  • Suspected death/unidentified bodies- skeletons.
  • Cases related to firearms.
  • House breaking.
  • Motor accident/ Theft.
  • Counterfeit coins /Currency notes.
  • Poisoning.
  • Criminal Abortions.
  • Theft of Telephone and electrics wires/cables.
  • Hanging.
  • Narcotics.
  • Explosives.
  • Disputed documents.
  • Computer Crime.
  • Sexual offence.
  • Trade and Mercantile act.
  • Cases of Adulteration.

Why it is important to secure Scene of Crime-

  1. The criminal either leaves or carries with him physical clue from the Scene of Crime or the victim. These physical clues are important for identification and establishment of criminal's presence at the Scene of Crime.

Type of physical clues which are found on Scene of Crime and are important for identification of criminal.

  1. Finger print, foot or footwear print, tool marks, tyre and skid marks.
  2. Fibers, threads, clothes, hair.
  3. Blood, semen, saliva, sweat, tears, skin, tissues, nails,
  4. Oil, grease, paint, distemper, varnish.
  5. Firearms, fired and empty cartridges, bullets, wads, pellets, blackening and tattooing.
  6. Marks of bullets or pellets on injured/deceased, wall-roof, doors-windows, furniture, vehicles, trees etc.
  7. Residues of explosives.
  8. Exploded remnants, explosion site.
  9. Metal /paper, wood, plastics, concrete, paint, pieces and shreds of glass, earth (soil) sand.
  10. Chemical liquids and powders, intoxicants and poisons, empty/filled bottles, tumblers.
  11. Utensils used in cooking, remnants of consumed food, vomit, mopped up remnants cloths/ any other equipment used for cleaning up.
  12. Tablets, powder, capsules, injections and liquid of narcotics, plants of opium, tobacco, ganja, bhang, doda powder, heroin, drugs and smack, morphine and diazepam.
  13. Inflammable used in arson, kerosene oil, diesel, petrol, alcohol, L.P.G., container of chemicals and / remnants marks of burning and singeing, material used to extinguish the fire, matches, partially burnt stubs of cigarette, bidi, lighter or any other equipment, cinders, electrical faults, sunbeam, microbial activity.
  14. Acid, alkali, vegetable/machine oil, talcum powder, tooth-paste, jelly, adulterated material, perfume liquid.
  15. Documents, papers, carbon, blotting paper, cheques, bank drafts, tickets, letter pads, lottery tickets, rubber stamps, erased written material, liquid used as eraser.
  16. Accidental vehicles and their broken parts, skid marks, injury marks on the person of deceased /victim, torn clothes, marks of grease/paint/oil/soil on the clothes, tyre marks, pieces of glass/plastics/metal.
  17. Buried, Skeleton, type of injuries on the person of deceased /injured, weapons or their remnants, butts of cigarette/bidis, marks of violence.
  18. Tempered numbers /writing on metal, plastic, wood and paper.

Important points for Investigation officers to be remembered at spot-

  1. Inform superior officers, Distt. Scene of Crime Unit, finger print expert, sniffer dog and other experts required according to crime. Do not use telephone of the spot for this purpose.
  2. An undisturbed Scene of Crime yields valuable clues.
  3. If the injured victim is alive shift him for medical aid otherwise preserve the scene of crime.
  4. Cordon off the area with rope, tape or stones according to the crime committed. In the process the crime scene should remain intact and undisturbed as material and marks may be used as important evidence.
  5. Do not enter or touch the scene of crime and not allow any one to do so either until the scene of crime has been photographed and recorded. You are liable to leave prints which may interfere or destroy the prints left by the accused and these are likely to mislead /confuse the snuffer dog.

Do not use / operate or allow any one to do so until the collection of physical clues -

  • The telephone/mobile phone, fax machine, computer, T.V., tape recorder, fridge, fans, electric switches, gas and other appliances found at the scene of crime.
  • Bathroom, washbasins, toilets, toiletries, furniture.
  • Food, utensils and other cooking vessels and do not light gas/stoves of kitchen.
  • Keep the firearm live and used cartridges/bullets as it is on the spot.

Possible places of finding physical clues -
Indoor Scene of Crime:- Approaches, places of entries & exits, Boundary walls, garage, means of transport, doors, windows, wall & ceiling, doormat, floors, almirah, cupboard, boxes, furniture, wardrobe, safe (vault), show case, drawing room, places where expensive goods are stored, inner/ outer side of walls, paint & varnish on the furniture, electric gadgets, telephones, mobile phones, fax machine, computer, switchboard, fuse box, photo frames, bathroom, water tank, sewer tank, flush tank, drains, writing pads, registers, papers stationary bedding, sofa, stool, ladders, rope, wire, sari, dupatta, clothing of deceased/victim, bullet/pellet dents on walls furniture etc. as well as holes/abrasions caused on the person by firearm shot. Tattooing, blackening, singeing marks. Broken locks, deformed chains, upturned furniture, scattered material, clothes and other domestic belongings.
Outdoor Scene of Crime:- Area around at the scene of crime, entries and exit to the scene, mode of transport used. Nearby buildings, trees, drains, nullah, river, lake, bushes, forest, ruins of old buildings, barren areas, dumping ground for waste, godowns, warehouse, water tanks, culverts, drain pipes.

Training Cell:

  • Arranges training programmes for new entrants to the scientific cadre and acquaint them with the working of Forensic Science Laboratory.
  • Conducts selection and training of M.P. Police team for All Indian Police Duty Meet.
  • Co-ordinates with Police Academy for conducting training of police personnel in Forensic Science.
  • Also arranges special lecturers to Judicial Officers, Students of Criminology and Forensic Science and Officers of other Govt. Departments.