Alcohol and driving should never go together. Alcohol goes
directly from the stomach into the blood stream. As the level of alcohol in the
blood increases, the brain is affected. The part of the brain affected first controls
judgment and self-control. Of course, good judgment and self-control are absolutely
necessary for safe driving.
Alcohol causes serious driving errors, such as :
- Driving too fast or too slow
- Driving in the wrong lane
- Running over the curb
- Driving between lanes
- Quick Jerky starts
- Not signalling, failure to use lights
- Ignoring stop lights and red lights
- Improper passing
The truth about alcohol :
- Alcohol is a drug that will make you less alert and reduce your ability to drive
- Everyone who drinks is affected by alcohol
- Food will slow down the affects of alcohol, but will not prevent them
- Only time will help a drinker sober up. Other methods just don't work
- A few bears are the same as a few pegs of whisky or a few glasses of wine
Be Aware - The chances of crash are much greater for drivers who are habitual of
drinking than for drivers who are not . So for your own as well as other's safety-
DRINKING WITH DRIVING
Keep distance while driving
K. M. P. H.
Stay approximately one Car length behind for every 15km/h speed.When driving on
wet or slippery roads and at night, the distance between the cars should be double
or more than the average distance.
- Keep Left
The driver of a
motor vehicle shall drive the vehicle as close to the left side of the road as may
be expedient and shall allow all traffic which is proceeding in the opposite direction
to pass on his left hand side.
- Turning of the left and right
The driver of motor vehicle shall :When turning to the left, drive as close as
maybe to the left hand side of the road from which he is making the turn and of
the road which he is entering.When turning to the right draw as near as may be to
the center of the road which the driver is entering
- Passing To The Right
एक मोटर वाहन के चालक सभी यातायात कार्यवाही के अधिकार से गुजारें करेगा में खुद के
रूप में एक ही दिशा में.
- Passing To The Left
The driver of a motor vehicle may pass to the left of a vehicle, the driver of which
having indicated an intention to turn to the right has drawn to the center of the
road and may pass on either side, a tram car or other vehicle running on fixed rails
whether traveling in the same direction as himself or otherwise provided that in
no case shall he pass a tram car at a time or in a manner likely to cause danger
or inconvenience to other users of the road including persons leaving or about to
enter tram cars.
- Overtaking Prohibited In Certain Cases
The driver of a motor vehicle shall not pass a vehicle traveling in the same direction
- If his passing is likely to pass inconvenience or danger to other traffic proceeding
in any direction
- If he is near a point, a bend or corner or a hill or other obstruction of any
kind that renders the road ahead not clearly visible
- If he knows that the driver who is following him has not signaled that he may
- Overtaking Not To Be Obstructed.
The driver of a motor vehicle shall not, when being overtaken or being passed by
another vehicle, increase speed or do anything in any way to prevent the other vehicle
from passing him.
- Caution At Road Junction
The driver of a motor vehicle shall slow down when approaching a road intersection,
a road junction, pedestrian crossing or a road corner, and shall not enter any such
intersection, junction or crossing until he has become aware that he may do so without
endangering the safety of persons thereon.
- Giving Way To Traffic At Road Junction
The driver of a motor vehicle shall, on entering a road interjection at which traffic
is not being regulated, if the road entered is a main road designated as such, give
way to the vehicles proceeding along the road, and in any other case give way to
all traffic approaching to the intersection on his right hand.
- Fire Service Vehicles And Ambulances To Be Given Free Passage
Each driver shall on the approach of a fire service vehicle or an ambulance allow
it free passage by drawing it to the side of the road.
- Right Of Way
Pedestrians have the right of way at uncontrolled pedestrian crossings. When any
road is provided with a footpath or cycle track especially for other traffic, except
with permission of a police officer in uniform, a driver shall not drive on such
footpath or track.
- Taking 'U' Turn
No driver shall take a 'U' turn where 'U' turn is especially prohibited
and on a busy traffic road. If a 'U' turn is allowed the driver shall slow
signal by hand as for a right turn, watch in the rear view mirror and turn when
safe to do so.
- Signals To Be Given By Drivers
The following signals shall be used by drivers of all motor vehicles namely :-
- When about to slow down, a driver shall extend his right arm with the palm downward
and to the right of the vehicle and shall move the arm so extended up and down several
times in such a manner that the signal can be seen by the driver of any vehicle
which maybe behind him.
- When about to stop, the driver shall raise his right forearm vertically outside
of and to the right of the vehicle, palm to the right.
- When about to turn to the right or to drive to the right hand side of the road
in order to pass another vehicle or for any other purpose, a driver shall extend
his right hand in a horizontal position outside of and to the right of his vehicle
with the palm of the hand turned to the front.
- When about to turn to the left or to drive to the left to the left hand side of
the road a driver shall extend his right arm and rotate it in an anticlockwise direction.
- When a driver wishes to indicate to a vehicle behind him to overtake him he shall
extend his right hand and arm horizontally outside of and to the right of the vehicle
and shall bring the arm backward and forward in a semi- circular motion.
- Direction Indicator
The signals referred to in regulation 12, may be simplified also by mechanical or
- Parking Of The Vehicle
Every driver of a motor vehicle parking on any road shall park in such a way that
it does not cause or is not likely to cause danger, obstruction or undue in convenience
to other road users and if the manner of parking is indicated by any sign board
or markings on the road side, he shall park the vehicle in such a manner.
A driver of a motor vehicle shall not park his vehicle:-
- At or near a road crossing, a bend, top of a hill or a humpbacked bridge
- On a footpath
- Near a traffic light or pedestrian crossing
- In a main road or one carrying fast vehicle
- Opposite another parked vehicle or as obstruction to other vehicle
- Alongside another parked vehicle
- On roads or at places where there is a continuous white line with or without a
- Near a bus stop, school or hospital entrance or blocking a traffic sign or entrance
to a premises or a fire hydrant
- On the wrong side of the road
- Where parking is prohibited
- Away from the edge of the footpath.
- Visibility Of Lamps And Registration Marks
- No load or other goods shall be placed on any motor vehicle so as to mark or otherwise
interrupt vision of any lamp, registration mark or any other mark required to be
carried by or exhibited on any motor vehicle by or under the Act, unless a duplicate
of the lamp so marked or otherwise obscured is exhibited in the manner required
by or under the Act for the exhibition of the marked or obscured lamp or mark.
- All registration and other marks required to be exhibited on a motor vehicle by
or under the Act shall at all times be maintained in a clear and legible condition.
- One Way Traffic
A driver shall not
- Drive a motor vehicle on road declared 'One-Way' except in the direction
specified by sign boards
- Drive a vehicle in a reverse direction into a road designated 'One Way'.
- Driving On Channelized Roads ( Lane Traffic)
- Where any road is marked by lanes for movement of traffic, the driver of a motor
vehicle shall drive within the lane and change the lane only after giving proper
- Where any road is marked by a yellow line dividing it, vehicles proceeding in
the same direction cannot overtake each other.
- Stop Sign On Road Surface
- When any line is painted on or inlaid into the surface of any road at the approach
to the road junction or to a pedestrian crossing or otherwise, no driver shall drive
a motor vehicle shall any part thereof projects beyond that line at any time when
a signal to stop is being given by the Police Officer or by means of traffic control
light or by display of any traffic sign.
- A line for the purpose of this regulation shall not be less than 50 millimeters
in width at any part and may be either in white, black or yellow.
- No vehicle other than a mechanically disabled motor vehicle or incompletely assembled
motor vehicle, a registered trailer or a side car, shall be drawn or towed by any
motor vehicle, except for purposes of delivery and to the nearest filling station
- No motor vehicle shall be drawn or towed by any other motor vehicle unless there
is in the driver's seat of the motor vehicle being drawn or towed a person holding
a license authorizing him to drive the vehicle or unless the steering wheels of
the motor vehicle being towed, are firmly and securely supported clear of the road
surface by some crane or other device on the vehicle which is drawing or towing
- When a motor vehicle is being towed by another motor vehicle the clear distance
between the rear of the front vehicle and the front of the rear vehicle shall at
no time exceed five meters. The tow ropes, or chains shall be of a type-easily distinguishable
by other road users and there shall be clearly displayed on the rear of the vehicle
being towed in black letters not less than seventy - five millimeters high and on
a white background the words 'ON TOW'.
- No motor vehicle when towing another vehicle other than a trailer or a sidecar
shall be driven at a speed exceeding twenty- four kilometers per hour.
- Use Of Horns And Silence Zones
of a vehicle shall not :
- Sound the horn needlessly or continuously or more than necessary to to ensure
- Sound the horn in silence zones
- Make-use of a cut-out by which gases are released other than through the silencer
- Fit or use any mentioned horn giving a harsh, shrill, loud or alarming noise
- Drive a vehicle creating undue noise when in motion
- Drive a vehicle with a muffler causing alarming sound.
- Traffic Signs And Traffic Police
A driver of a motor vehicle and every other person using the road shall obey :
- Every direction given, whether by signal or otherwise, by a police officer or
any authorized person for the time being in charge of the regulations of traffic
- Any direction applicable to him and indicated on or by notice, traffic sign or
signal fixed or operated by an authority, competent to do so
- Any direction indicated by automatic signaling devices fixed at road intersections.
- Distance From Vehicles In Front
The driver of a motor vehicle moving behind another vehicle shall keep at a sufficient
distance from that other vehicle to avoid collision if the vehicle in front should
suddenly slow down or stop.
- Abrupt Brake
No driver of a vehicle shall apply brake abruptly unless it is necessary to do so
for safety reasons.
- Vehicles Going Uphill To Be Given Precedence
On mountain roads and steep roads, the driver of a motor vehicle traveling down
the hill shall give precedence to a vehicle going uphill wherever the road is not
sufficiently wide to allow the vehicles to pass each other freely without danger,
and stop the stop the vehicle to the side of the road in order to allow any vehicle
proceeding uphill to pass.
- Obstruction Of Driver
A driver of a motor vehicle shall not allow any person to stand or sit or anything
to be placed in such a manner or position as to hamper his control of the vehicle.
- Speed To Be Restricted
The driver of a motor vehicle shall, when passing a meeting or procession or a body
of troops or police on the march or when passing workmen engaged on road repair,
drive at a speed not exceeding 25 kilometers an hour.
- Driving Of Tractors And Goods Vehicles
A driver when driving a tractor shall not carry or allow any person to be carried
on the tractor. A driver of a goods carriage shall not carry in the driver's
cabin more numbers of persons than that mentioned in the registration certificate
and shall not carry passengers for hire or reward.
- Projection Of Loads
No person shall drive in any public place any motor vehicle which is loaded in a
manner likely to cause danger to any person in such a manner that the load or any
part thereof or anything extends literally beyond the side of the body or to the
front or to rear or in height beyond the permissible limit.
- Restriction To Carriage
Except for the fuel and the lubricants necessary for the use of the vehicle, no
explosive. highly flammable or otherwise dangerous substance shall be otherwise
carried on any public service vehicle.
- Restrictions on Driving Backwards
No driver of a motor vehicle shall cause the vehicle to be driven backwards without
first satisfying himself that he will not thereby cause danger or undue inconvenience
to any other person or in any circumstances, for any greater distance or period
of time than maybe reasonably necessary in order to turn the vehicle round.
- Production Of Document
A person driving a vehicle-
- Shall always carry with him his driving license; certificate of registration;
certificate of taxation and certificate of insurance of the vehicle and in case
of transport vehicle the permit and witness certificate also
- Shall on demand by police officer in uniform or an officer of the Motor Vehicle
Department in uniform or any other officer authorized by the Government, produce
the documents for inspection.
- Every driver must be conversant with the provisions of Sections 112, 113,
121, 122, 125, 132, 134, 185, 186, 194, 207 of the Motor Vehicle Act, 1988.